How Gum Health Affects Pregnancy 

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Montgomery County’s Top Periodontal Care Team

Pregnancy is a major life event, and it’s important to know how it will affect your health. One aspect of your health that pregnancy can affect is your oral health. However, it can also affect the health of your baby. 

Pregnancy & Gingivitis

During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations can render your gums more susceptible to bacterial effects present in plaque buildup. Consequently, you may observe signs of inflammation, redness, and bleeding during routine oral hygiene practices. 

Links Between Gum Disease & Preterm Birth

Research has begun to illuminate a potential connection between gum disease and preterm birth. Preterm birth, defined as the arrival of a baby before the 37th week of gestation, can result in various health complications for the infant. While the precise mechanisms remain elusive, it is believed that the inflammatory response elicited by gum disease may influence the developing fetus.

Gum Disease & Low Birth Weight

Notably, severe gum disease, commonly referred to as periodontal disease, may also be associated with the occurrence of low birth weight in newborns. Infants born with low birth weight often encounter immediate and long-term health issues. Therefore, the maintenance of healthy gums during pregnancy is of paramount importance in reducing this risk.

Oral Health Management During Pregnancy:

With an understanding of the potential risks, it is crucial to outline effective strategies for the preservation of optimal gum health during pregnancy:

1. Routine Dental Checkups:

Initiate the process by scheduling a dental checkup either before or early in your pregnancy. This consultation will enable your dentist to address any pre-existing dental concerns and provide tailored guidance for maintaining oral health throughout your pregnancy.

2. Communication with Your Dentist:

Clearly communicate your pregnancy status to your dentist or dental hygienist during every visit. This information ensures the adaptation of treatments or medications as necessary, safeguarding both your well-being and that of your child.

3. Rigorous Oral Hygiene Practices:

Commit to rigorous oral hygiene practices, including brushing your teeth at least twice daily with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristle toothbrush. Incorporate daily flossing into your routine to eliminate plaque and food particles from interdental spaces and along the gumline.

4. Utilization of Antimicrobial Mouthwash:

Employ an antimicrobial mouthwash as recommended by your dentist. This adjunctive measure aids in the reduction of oral bacteria and mitigates the risk of gum disease.

5. Balanced Dietary Choices:

Cultivate a well-balanced diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals, particularly calcium and vitamin D, which are integral to sustaining healthy teeth and gums. Consult your healthcare provider for personalized dietary recommendations during pregnancy.

6. Adequate Hydration:

Prioritize hydration by consuming ample water. Maintaining oral hydration reduces the likelihood of dry mouth, a condition that can contribute to gum disease.

7. Stress Management:

Effectively manage stress through stress-reduction techniques such as deep breathing exercises, yoga, or meditation. Stress can impact overall health, including oral health.

Schedule Your Periodontal Appointment in Montgomery County Today

By promptly addressing any gum-related concerns, you can ensure the well-being of both your dental health and your baby’s development. At The Center for Periodontics & Implant Dentistry, we are dedicated to supporting you throughout your pregnancy journey. Your oral health is an integral facet of your overall well-being, and we’re here to help. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!