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The Different Types of Periodontal Disease in Children

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The Different Types of Periodontal Disease in Children


The Different Types of Periodontal Disease in Children


Periodontal disease is something that takes place in the gums or around the tooth. Most people do not associate this oral disease with children, but poor dental hygiene can lead to disease at any age. Two common diseases of the gums are gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease, but there are four distinct categories, including:

  • Recurrent: This type comes back even after treatment.
  • Acute: This is one of the most painful types of gingivitis known for its sudden onset and short length.
  • Subacute: Another kind with sudden onset, but it is often less severe than acute.
  • Chronic: This variation has a slower onset, does not include as much pain and can last a long time.

Signs of this periodontal disease include red, swollen and tender gums that bleed easily.


Periodontitis results from untreated gingivitis. Because it is a progression of the milder form of gum disease, it is no surprise that the symptoms are worse. You may notice red, bleeding gums; bone erosion; chronic bad breath; bad taste in mouth; shifting teeth; and tooth loss. More advanced forms of periodontitis could even lead to tissue and bone loss.


If a child has one of these gum diseases, some form of treatment may be necessary. You should talk with your dentist to figure out a treatment plant that is right for your child. Both gingivitis and periodontitis may require the following treatments:

  • Medication: Antibiotics and topical antiseptics are often prescribed to help alleviate the symptoms of gum disease.
  • Plaque Removal: This type of deep cleaning is most often used in early stages of periodontal disease.
  • Surgery: Your dentist may suggest a number of surgeries, such as crown lengthening, pocket reduction, a regeneration procedure or a soft tissue graft, to clean infected parts of the gum.

Your child’s age and previous health may play a role in the type of treatment pursued.

Contact Dr.Levin If Your Child Needs Help

If you are still looking for a periodontist contact the Center for Periodontics & Implant Dentistry today by calling us today and take the next step on regaining your confident smile! Proudly serving Jenkintown, Abington, Elkins Park, Cheltenham, Glenside, Willow Grove, Wyncote, Montgomery County, Bucks County and surrounding areas.